Past Events

Pediatric Trauma III 2014

Aired on 2.20.2014
Pediatric Trauma III 2014
Enjoy the archived event!  


Pediatric Trauma III 2014, Worldwide Web Symposium, is directed by Martin R. Eichelberger, M.D., Wayne Meredith, M.D., and Todd Ponsky, M.D. The topics will cover the management of multiple casualty incidents (Disaster Management), Burn Care, Extremity Injury, Anesthesia-Pain Management, Exploratory Laparotomy, approach to the Retorperitoneum and Nursing Care of the injured child.  The faculty will present "How I Do It” followed by a panel discussion to illustrate controversy, respond to viewer questions and discuss a relevant case. The format encourages lively discussion and debate by opinion leaders in the field of Trauma. The worldwide audience will be able to participate, pose questions and offer opinions. In 2013, Pediatric Trauma II attracted over 1200 participants from 33 countries.  The presentations are concise and the discussions of interest. We look forward to your participation to save the lives of children and to improve the care of the severely injured child.


Portuguese Translation Available

Directors & Faculty


Martin Eichelberger, M.D.

Professor of Surgery and of Pediatrics, George Washington University, Children's National Medical Center. Safe Kids Worldwide, Founder. Washington, D.C.

Wayne Meredith, M.D.

Executive Director of the Childress Institute for Pediatric Trauma, and Chair of General Surgery and Director of the Division of Surgical Sciences at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, NC.

Todd Ponsky, MD

Todd Ponsky is currently Professor of Surgery at the University of Cincinnati and a pediatric surgeon at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and Akron Children’s Hospital. He is the Director of Clinical Growth and Transformation at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. He attended medical school at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio from 1995-1999,Residency in General Surgery at The George Washington University in Washington, DC from 1999-2005, Pediatric Surgery Fellowship at Children's National Medical Center in Washington, DC from 2005-2007,and an Advanced Minimally Invasive Pediatric Surgery Fellowship at The Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children in Denver, CO from 2007-2008. Dr. Ponsky was the first to perform and report single port surgery in children and modernized the methods of the laparoscopic pediatric hernia repair. He has published over 125 manuscripts, edited 3 textbooks, and authored over 30 book chapters. He has directed over 50 national/international courses and has given over 200 visiting lectureships. He is the Associate Editor for The Journal of Pediatric Surgery, and serves on three editorial boards. He is the immediate past president of the International Pediatric Endosurgery Group (IPEG) and holds, or has held, leadership positions in the American College of Surgeons (ACS), the American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA), the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) and the International Society for Pediatric Innovation (iSPI). He has won numerous faculty teaching awards. He is involved in both outcomes and animal research with a focus on inguinal hernia physiology, surgical telementoring, endoscopic repair techniques for pure esophageal atresia, and innovations in education. He founded GlobalcastMD and Stay Current in Surgery, both of which serve to democratize and internationalize medical knowledge and modernize the way we teach and learn surgery.

Additional Faculty

Isaac Ashkenazi, Israeli Professor of Disaster Medicine at Ben-Guri

Director of the Urban Terrorism Preparedness Project at the National Preparedness Leadership Initiative. Adjunct Professor in the Department of Epidemiology, the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University. Adjunct Professor of Disaster Management at the UGA. Professor of Disaster Medicine at Ben-Gurion University in Israel; Consultant to Harvard University, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Israel.

Robert Bass, M.D.

Executive Director, Maryland Institute For Emergency Medical Services System, Baltimore, Maryland.

Mark Bowyer

Professor of Surgery, Director of Surgical Simulation, Chief, Division of Trauma and Combat Surgery USUHS, The Norman M. Rich Department of Surgery. Bethesda, MD.

Jeremy Cannon, M.D.

Associate Professor of Surgery, Uniformed Services University for the Health Sciences; Chief, Trauma & Critical Care, San Antonio Military Medical Center San Antonio, TX

Kevin Chung, M.D.

United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas.

Eric Elster, M.D.

Chair, Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, and U.S. Navy Staff Transplant Surgeon, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. Bethseda, Maryland.

John Fildes, M.D.

Professor of Surgery, Vice Chair, Department of Surgery, Program Director, General Surgery Residency Chief, Divison of Trauma & Critical Care at the University of Nevada School of Medicine. Las Vegas, Nevada.

Joel Fish, M.D.

Associate Professor, Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto, Medical Director of the Burn Program at The Hospital For Sick Children. Toronto, Canada.

Jennifer Fritzeen, MSN, RN

Trauma Program Manager at Children's National Medical Center. Washington, D.C.

David Greenhalgh, M.D.

Professor and Chief, Burn Surgery, UC Davis Medical Center. Chief, Burns, Shriners Hospitals for Children. Associate Director of Research, Institute for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine. Sacramento, California.

Lenworth Jacobs , M.D.

Professor and Chairman of the Department of Traumatology and Emergency Medicine, and Professor of Surgery at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Vice President of Academic Affairs, Chief Academic Officer at Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut.

Margaret Knudson, M.D.

Professor of Surgery at UCSF and Interim Chief of Surgery, San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center. San Francisco, California.

Ken Mattox, MD

Distinguished Service Professor at Baylor College of Medicine, Chief of Staff and Chief of Surgery at Ben Taub General Hospital. Houston, Texas

Johannes Mayr, M.D.

Professor, Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Mark McCollum, M.D.

Pediatric and Burn Surgeon, Director of Trauma, Akron Children's Hospital. Akron, Ohio

David Mooney, MD

Director of the Trauma Center at Boston Children’s Hospital and an Associate Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School.  He is a former President of the Pediatric Trauma Society and a past-chair of the Trauma Committee of the American Pediatric Surgical Association.   Dr. Mooney has been active in the Verification Review Committee of the American College of Surgeons’ Committee on Trauma and has conducted research into variation in the management of injured children between adult and pediatric hospitals.

Matt Oetgen, M.D.

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, George Washington University. Interim Chief, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Director of Orthopaedic Research Children's National Medical Center. Washington, D.C.

Sophie Pestieau, M.D.

Pediatric Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington D.C.

John K. Petty, MD, FACS

Dr. John Petty is a pediatric surgeon at Brenner Children's Hospital in Winston-Salem, NC, where he serves as the director of the level 1 pediatric trauma center. He is an Associate Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics at Wake Forest School of Medicine, with research interests in pediatric trauma care and antireflux surgery.  He has been recognized for teaching excellence, and he is involved with student and resident training.  He is active in professional organizations, including the Pediatric Trauma Society, where he is currently the chair of the guidelines committee and in the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST), where he is currently the liaison to the Pediatric Trauma Society.  He has been a core member of the Childress Institute for Pediatric Trauma and has shared in the efforts of the institute from the very beginning. His care for sick and injured children is animated by his love for his three children and the patience of his wife.

Matthew Schmitz, M.D.

Chief of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center. Assistant Professor of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Major, US Air Force, Medical Corps. San Antonio, Texas.

Robert Sheridan, M.D.

Director, Acute Burn Service, Boston Shriners Hospital for Children; Associate Professor of Surgery at the Harvard Medical School. Boston, Massachusetts.

Steven Stylianos, M.D.

Rudolph N Schullinger Professor of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, Surgeon-in-Chief, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital. New York, NY.

David Tuggle, M.D.

Clinical Professor of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School Associate Trauma Medical Director, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas. Austin, TX.


9:00 am - 9:05 am
9:05 am - 10:20 am
Multiple Casualty Incidents: Disaster Management
9:05 am - 9:20 am
Principles of Performance: "What must we anticipate?"
Epidemiology: World History, Incidence, Terrorism
Mechanism of Injury: Natural, Blast, GSW
Pattern of injury: Blast, Burn, Head, Abdomen, Extremity, Laceration
National, Regional, Local, Hospital: coordination
Family Separation
9:20 am - 9:35 am
Hospital Preparation: "What preparation is necessary to respond?"
Communications: EMS and Hospital, Equipment
Leadership: Team Organization
Triage: Simplify
Triage: Echelon of care
Expectations: radiology, internal communication, Public Relations
Performance Improvement: After Action Huddle and Report
9:35 am - 9:50 am
Actual Hospital Response: "What really happens?"
Asiana Flight 214 San Francisco Aviation Disaster
First notification! How team forms? Communications
Personnel: “actually, how do they respond?”
Injury Pattern: Systematic Evaluation
Continuity of patient care: Who is in charge of the patient and team?
Treatment process: Quality Improvement
9:50 am - 10:00 am
Question and Answers: "Lessons Learned"

10:00 am - 10:20 am
Case Presentations
Bystander Role: Isaac Ashkenazi, M.D.
Boston Marathon: David Mooney, M.D.
Natural and Technologic Disasters and Terrorism: David Tuggle, M.D.

10:20 am - 10:30 am
10:30 am - 12:00 pm
Burn Injury
10:30 am - 10:45 am
Overview and Initial Care
Scene and Transport: scoop and run? Appropriate care?
Initial Evaluation and Management: pre-hospital wound coverage
Fluid Resuscitation: type of fluid, volume, concentration
Resuscitation Endpoints: PO2, Urine output, SAO2, BP, HR
Decompression--Escharotomy and Fasciotomy
Early Respiratory Challenges: ? ECMO
Common Traps and Complications: hypoxia, acidosis, hypothermia
10:45 am - 11:00 am
Early Surgery
Principles of Care: Strategy
Debridement techniques: partial or full thickness
Topical Dressing: Xeroform, gauze saline, Mepelex, adaptic gauze
Alternative: Immediate Debridement + skin (Autograft)
Debridement + staged coverage (Allograft + Skin)
Immobilization: technique (simple, reliable)
Aftercare: short and long term
11:00 am - 11:15 am
Critical Care
“Beware!” Anticipate complications and avoid edema
Monitor devices: intravascular management
Invasive and noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring
Fluid management: post-op
Ventilation: guidelines (short & long term strategy); tracheostomy
Nutrition: practical guideline (austere environment), specific
Antibiotic Strategy
11:15 am - 11:30 am
Principles of selection for surgery
Fundamental Surgical Procedures
Anatomic regions: Upper and lower extremity, hand, face, neck
Supplemental post-op treatment: pressure garment, steroid, silicone
Outcome expectation: long term
11:30 am - 11:45 am
Questions and Answers: Burn Injury

11:45 am - 12:00 pm
Case Presenatation
Blast with 40% TBSA Burn, Head, Thorax, Abdomen, Lower Ext. Amputation
12:00 pm - 12:15 pm
12:15 pm - 1:45 pm
Extremity Injury
12:15 pm - 12:30 pm
Fracture Dislocation
Principles of care: Strategy, Urgency, Timing, Open vs. Closed
Pattern of Injury: mechanism- blunt, penetrating, blast
Upper vs. Lower Extremity
Physical exam: signs, pulse, Doppler ratio
Radiology: Plain Film, Sonography, Computed Tomography, MRI, Angiography
Strategy: Reduction, Alignment, Damage Control, Infection mitigation (Phased)
Three Essential Maneuvers: Pain Relief (conscious sedation/Anesthesia)
In-line traction: temporary immobilization
External vs Internal Fixation: Timing
VAC Application: Vacuum Assisted Closure
Internal Fixation: Exposure
Pitfall: Orthopedic Fracture Repair versus Vascular Repair
Post-Op Care
12:30 pm - 12:45 pm
Vascular Injury
Principles of Care: Upper and Lower Extremity, Timing
Pattern of Injury: Brachial, Femoral
History and Physical
Evaluation: Doppler, Angiogram, CTA
Technique and Tactics: Exposure, Bleeding Control (Proximal-Distal)
Emergency re-perfusion: Shunt Procedure- anticoagulation
Damage Control = Shunt +External Fixation + Delayed Primary Repair
Aftercare and Rehabilitation
12:45 pm - 1:00 pm
Compartment Syndrome
Injury Pattern: Upper and Lower Extremity, Timeline, Anatomy, Complication
Signs and Physical Examination: Pulse, Pressure Measurement
Clinical Indications for surgical decompression
Surgical Procedure: Compartment Decompression (Video)
Upper Extremity: forearm, Hand
VAC: “Does it increase Compartment Pressure?”
Reconstruction: timing and technique
Lessons Learned

1:00 pm - 1:15 pm
Principle of Care: Pediatric Consideration, Strategy
Indications: Complete or Phased Debridement (muscle-nerve viability)
Unique Anatomy: Bone Growth, Limited Muscle
Procedure: Upper and Lower Extremity, Aftercare, Complications
Prosthetic Device: Long term revision, Activity of Daily Living,
1:15 pm - 1:30 pm
Questions and Answers: "Extremity Injury"

1:30 pm - 1:45 pm
Case Presentations
Wound Hemostasis: Topical Dressing: Eric Elster, M.D. Internal Nail Femur Fixation: Johannes Mayr, M.D. Right Upper Extremity Amputation: John Petty, M.D.

1:45 pm - 2:00 pm
2:00 pm - 3:30 pm
Special Topics: "When many patients need surgery?"
2:00 pm - 2:15 pm
Anesthesia and Pain Management
Principles of Care: Team Approach vs Individual
Optimal Airway management
Rapid Sequence Intubation: technique and complications
Drug utilization: short and long acting
Intra-operative management: surveillance, monitor
Anticipate: hypovolemia, hypothermia, acidosis, coagulopathy
Principles of Transfer: PACU + ICU
Post-op pain management
Follow-up sequence: multiple injuries, austere environment
2:15 pm - 2:30 pm
Abdominal Exploration
Principle of management: “Damage Control Laparotomy”
Physiology: Avoid: hypothermia, acidosis, coagulopathy
Avoid: non-compressible hemorrhage Preparation: monitor, anticipate, “when to make the incision?”
Rapid Exploration Technique: evacuate, suction, pack, and stabilize
Management of solid organs and bowel: temporary or definitive
VAC Technique: application, complications (how to avoid?)
Re-exploration: timing, phased approach, diversion
2:30 pm - 2:45 pm
Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage
Principles of Care
Pattern of injury: “which patient most likely to have injury?”
Exploratory Laparotomy: anatomic manifestation
Surgical Exposure: Technique
Proximal-distal control
Vascular vs Bowel perforation (Small bowel, colon)
Surgical Hemostasis: definitive vs temporary repair
Bowel repair: Duodenum, Colon, SMA small bowel ischemia.
Damage Control Laparotomy: cautions?
Re-exploraton: “Second Look” timing, progression of care
Key points to minimize complications and increase survival.
2:45 pm - 3:00 pm
Trauma Nursing
Principles of Care: Global Approach to Bedside Trauma Care
Patient Management: accountability, teamwork, communication
Essential Components: surveillance, treatment, equipment
Anticipate, Evaluate, Intervene, Communicate, QI
Special Consideration: Head, Thorax, Abdomen, Extremity
Quality Improvement: Team Approach
3:00 pm - 3:15 pm
Question and Answers: "Special Topics"

3:15 pm - 3:30 pm
Case Presentations
Damage Control Resuscitation + Abdomen: Johannes Mayr, M.D.
Abdominal Surgery: Pancrease: Steven Stylianos, M.D.
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome: David Mooney, M.D.
3:30 pm - 3:35 pm
Closing Remarks

: - :

Topics Covered

  • Management of Multiple Casualty Incidents (Disaster Management)
  • Burn Care 
  • Extremity Injury 
  • Anesthesia-Pain Management
  • Exploratory Laparotomy
  • Approach to the Retorperitoneum 
  • Nursing Care of the Injured Child


  • Recognize new concepts of care for the injured child
  • Explain the controversies of treatment methods
  • Describe the multiple casualty incidents of performance, hospital preparation and response
  • Identify burn injury initial and critical care management as well as early surgery strategies and reconstruction techniques
  • Review principles of care in fractures dislocation, vascular injury, compartment syndrome and amputation
  • Discuss surgical approach to abdominal exploration and retroperitoneal hemorrhage after a trauma

Disclosures and Accreditation Statement

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